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Pandemic aid helps New Mexico tribe fix damaged adobe homes

SANTO DOMINGO PUEBLO, N.M. (AP) — First came the hail — sheets of it, pounding the centuries-old adobe homes at Santo Domingo Pueblo.

Roofs were perforated “like a machine gun,” with some vigas broken and windows shattered.

The floods came three years later — a week’s worth of rain, capped with a 24-hour downpour. In the ensuing years, mold issues arrived.

Diane Garcia and her daughter, Patricia, have lived amid the damage to their home since the 2010 hailstorm and 2013 deluge. They aren’t alone: Many other residents in the small pueblo southwest of Santa Fe continue to live in storm-damaged adobe homes.

But on a sunny Tuesday morning, the Garcias welcomed neighbors, government officials and media into their rebuilt adobe, the first completed project of 160 damaged homes in the historic village the pueblo intends to repair and rebuild as funding becomes available.

“We love it,” Patricia Garcia said. “We’re very thankful for the help we had.”

Since 2017, Santo Domingo Pueblo has spent $300,000 in tribal funds to repair about 30 roofs, the Santa Fe New Mexican reported. The Federal Emergency Management Agency kicked in $1.4 million, but there were so many restrictions that only $10,000 has been used so far, said Phoebe Suina, a San Felipe and Cochiti Pueblo member and owner of High Water Mark, a Bernalillo environmental consulting company and project manager for Santo Domingo’s housing project.

But a turning point came in late 2019 when Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham invited Santo Domingo tribal leaders to discuss their plight. Just before the coronavirus pandemic hit, Lujan Grisham sent her Cabinet secretaries to the dirt roads and adobe homes of the pueblo’s historic village, where homes are typically more than 100 years old and some date to the 1600s and 1700s.

“Gov. (Lujan) Grisham invited us,” former Santo Domingo Gov. Thomas Moquino recalled. “We sat down with our wants. She opened her ears, listened to us.”

“The leadership here is to be commended for its persistence,” New Mexico Indian Affairs Department Secretary Lynn Trujillo said of the tribal council’s persistence in seeking state and federal aid. “Out of something really bad comes something really good. Out of the pandemic came opportunity.”

The state committed $2 million in state funding and $1.4 million in federal CARES Act money to help restore the historic village after setting aside $28 million in CARES funds for New Mexico’s tribal communities. Santo Domingo Pueblo has spent or committed the full amount to restoring the first eight storm-damaged homes by summer, Suina said.

Diane and Patricia Garcia intend to move into their new adobe home by mid-April. Doing so will end nearly a decade of living with rain and roof damage, which was worst in the kitchen.

“On rainy days, it was the hardest,” said Patricia Garcia. “It seemed like it rained all the time. It’s just as hard when it snowed and the snow melted.”

Once the state money arrived, the tribe wanted to quickly start restoring and rebuilding homes. Santo Domingo found Albuquerque architect Elizabeth Suina, a neighboring Cochiti Pueblo member with no relation to Phoebe Suina. She enlisted licensed contractor Ty Perry, and they created Arrowhead Construction to build the first eight homes. Construction involved creating the mud-and-straw bricks for adobe, said Herman Sanchez, tribal programs administrator for Santo Domingo Pueblo.

“It was important to us that, if possible, a Native-owned company was hired to oversee this project,” Sanchez said. “We have the capability now to start our own company.”

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